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Preventive Health Screening

It has been said, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." No where is that more important than with our health and overall well-being. While there are no clear standards for preventive health screening, there is some agreement over the general areas that should be watched and screened for. In this document we present a generalized guide, a consensus of several published guidelines for watching out for you and your family’s overall health and well-being.

Prevention For Women

Type of Exam

For

Age 19-39

Age 40-59

Age 60+

Physical Examination

General health, lifestyle including overall nutrition, exercise, smoking, alcohol/drug use, auto/cycle safety, STD’s)

Every 3 years

Every 2 years

Annually

Basic exam should include blood pressure, height, weight, temperature and heart rate. Blood pressure should be taken at every exam.

Breast Self-Examinations

Cancer of the Breasts

Monthly

Monthly

Monthly

Breast Exam (by a health care professional)

Cancer of the Breasts

Every 1 to 3 years

Annually

Annually

Mammogram or Breast Ultrasound

Cancer of the Breasts

N/A*

Annually

Annually

Pelvic Examination and Pap Smear**

Cancer of the Cervix

Every 1 to 3 years. Annually, if using birth control pills, IUD or history of an abnormal pap smears. Rectal exam can best be done at this time.

Chlamydia (by Urine or Culture)

Chlamydia Infection

At all pelvic exams if at risk

Only if indicated, and patient at risk

Probably not indicated

If not sexual

Gonorrhea (by Urine or Culture)

Gonorrhea Infection

At all pelvic exams if at risk

Only if indicated, and patient at risk

Probably not indicated

If not sexual

VDRL or RPR (Blood Test)

Syphilis

At all pelvic exams if at risk

Only if indicated, and patient at risk

Probably not indicated

If not sexual

Digital Rectal Exam and Fecal Occult Blood Test

Cancer of the Colon and/or Rectum

N/A*

Annually over 50

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

Cancer of the Colon and/or Rectum

N/A*

Every 3 to 5 years after 50 years of age

Total Skin Examination

Cancer of the Skin

N/A*

Annually

Annually

Total Cholesterol (Blood Test)

Risk of Heart Disease

Annually

Annually

Annually

HIV Screening (Blood Test)

Risk of Exposure to AIDS

Screening is recommended for all persons at increased risk for infection

 

 

Prevention For Men

Type of Exam

For

Age 19-39

Age 40-64

Age 65+

Physical Examination

General health, lifestyle including overall nutrition, exercise, smoking, alcohol/drug use, auto/cycle safety, STD’s)

Every 3 years

Every 2 years

Annually

Basic exam should include blood pressure, height, weight, temperature and heart rate. Blood pressure should be taken at every exam.

Testicular Self-Examination

Testicular Cancer

Monthly

Monthly

Monthly

Physician Testicular Exam

Testicular Cancer

Every 3 years

Every 2 years

Annually

Digital Rectal Exam and Fecal Occult Blood Test

Cancer of the Prostate, Rectum and Colon

N/A*

Annually

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

Cancer of the Colon and/or Rectum

N/A*

Every 3 to 5 years over 50

PSA (Prostate-specific Antigen) Blood Test

Prostate Cancer

N/A*

Annually, age 50 to 70

Chlamydia (by Urine or Culture)

Chlamydia Infection

At time of exam, if at risk

Only if indicated, and patient at risk

Probably not indicated

If not sexual

Gonorrhea (by Urine or Culture)

Gonorrhea Infection

At time of exam, if at risk

Only if indicated, and patient at risk

Probably not indicated

If not sexual

VDRL or RPR (Blood Test)

Syphilis

At time of exam, if at risk

Only if indicated, and patient at risk

Probably not indicated

If not sexual

Total Skin Examination

Cancer of the Skin

N/A*

Annually

Annually

Total Cholesterol (Blood Test)

Risk of Heart Disease

Annually

Annually

Annually

HIV Screening (Blood Test)

Risk of Exposure to AIDS

Screening is recommended for all persons at increased risk for infection

N/A* Not Applicable in this age group unless there are specific symptoms or physical findings.

** Men and Women sexually active with multiple partners should have STD check after any questionable contact.


How Can I Learn More About Preventive Screening?

 If you would like to start a preventive health program or find out more about it, call us. More importantly, take the opportunity to personally visit with and find out if you are a candidate for preventative health services. Call us at 805-435-1200 and make an appointment to learn more. Thank you!



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